The American War of Independence also called the American Revolution was fought from 1775 until 1783. Thirteen mainland colonies of British North America declared their independence on July 4, 1776, to form the United States of America. The War of Independence started as a civil war but soon became an international war when France, Spain, and the Netherlands joined the colonies against Britain. The War of Independence started in the 1775 and it was set off by a British army trying to seize ammunitions in Concord of Massachusetts. In 1776, General George Washington crossed the Delaware River to reach New Jersey and there he defeated the British Garrisons in Trenton and Princeton. During the Princeton attack, several people fled to the Princeton University and started hiding there. However, this was the first formal assault and it set off a series of events that followed one after the other. The British mainly controlled the areas in New York and Philadelphia. The rest of the land was under the control of colonists. In 1778, United States of America and France signed a pact of trade and commerce and this allowed them to depend on France as an ally. On behalf of America, France declared a war on Great Britain. That signaled for caution on the British part and after a war between them, Great Britain Slowly started pulling their troops away from America. The House of Commons in Great Britain voted to end the war in 1782 after 4 years of starting the war. The British pulled the remaining troops from South Carolina and Georgia in 1782 finally marking the end of the American Revolutionary War. In 1782, Britain also signed a declaration in Paris that it would cease to combat North America. This ended the war officially and the treaty between America and Great Britain was signed.

Brief summary before the war:
British soldiers and American patriots started the war with battles at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.
Colonists * in America wanted independence from England.
The British government attempted to pass some laws, enforce several taxes, and increase more control over the colonies. The colonies strongly objected to these laws and taxes. They wanted England to have no control over them.
For ten years before the war actually started, there was a lot of tension between England and the colonies.
The colonies had no central government at the beginning of the war, so delegates from all the colonies were sent to form the first Continental Congress.
George Washington, a former military officer and wealthy Virginian, was appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.
Members of the Continental Congress wrote a letter to King George of England outlining their complaints and declaring their independence from England.
On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, in which the colonies declared their independence from England.
The war ended in 1783, and the United States of America was born
  • A Colonist a person who settles in a new colony or moves into a new country.